7 key concepts of interior design

Balance: This principle refers to the visual weight of elements in a space. It's about creating a sense of stability and avoiding a room feeling off-center or cluttered. Balance can be achieved through symmetry, asymmetry, or radial balance. 

Harmony: Harmony refers to the feeling of cohesiveness and unity within a space. All the elements, like furniture, colors, textures, and patterns, should work together to create a pleasing and consistent visual experience. 

Rhythm: Rhythm creates a sense of visual flow and movement in a space. It can be achieved through repetition of elements like color, pattern, texture, or shape. For instance, using stripes or repeating a specific color in different areas of the room can create rhythm.

Proportion and Scale: Proportion refers to the size relationship between different elements in a space, while scale refers to the relationship between the size of an element and the size of the space itself. Ensuring proper proportion and scale helps create a visually balanced and comfortable space.

Emphasis: Emphasis involves drawing the eye to a specific focal point in the room. This can be achieved through elements like color, contrast, size, lighting, or placement. A fireplace, a piece of artwork, or a unique furniture piece can act as an effective focal point. 

Contrast: Contrast refers to the juxtaposition of opposing elements, such as light and dark, smooth and rough, or curved and straight lines. Using contrast effectively can add visual interest and drama to a space. 

Details: The small details in a space can make a big difference in the overall look and feel. This includes elements like throw pillows, artwork, plants, lighting fixtures, and decorative accents. Carefully chosen details can personalize the space and reflect the homeowner's style.